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~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Welcome to Badgett's Coffee eJournal "All the Coffee That's Fit to Print"(tm) Issue No. 60 March 22, 2002 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ In This Issue: 1. Welcome 2. Some Words from Our Sponsors 3. Bitter Days For Coffee Producers 4. A Daily Dose of Wisdom from the Rebbe 5. Coffee in Libraries 6. Fundamentals for "Reaching Espresso Nirvana" 7. CoffeeWantAds 8. Miriam's Well 9. Whazzup in Seattle? 10. Reader's Comments 11. Links to My Friends 12. Feedback ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 1. Welcome Spring is here and it's the best time of the year. Actually, all times are the best time of the year. Many new subscribers have joined us recently. If you are new, I'd like to hit you up for an article. Do you have an experience related to coffee that you would like to share? Send me a message and we'll discuss it. Some of the best articles are from non-business coffee lovers. Have you checked out CoffeeWantAds yet? See below. Long article from my hometown newspaper about the coffee economy in Latin America. Take a look and think about it. Do you love espresso? Sharpen your barista skills with the Espresso Nirvana article. My goal with this journal is to promote good coffee. I want to learn, educate, and entertain. I publish every other Friday via email and readers include coffee consumers, home roasters, coffee geeks, retailers, growers, roasters, equipment dealers, and anyone else who shares our passion for our most wonderful beverage. If you want to learn more about the fascinating world of coffee, this is the place. I don't sell anything and subscription is free. If you want to advertise here or submit an article please contact me for the ad rates. Past Issues may be view at DISCLAIMER: All information contained here is obtained by Badgett's Coffee eJournal from sources believed to be accurate and reliable. Because of the possibility of human and mechanical error as well as other factors, neither Badgett's Coffee eJournal nor its publisher, Robert L. Badgett, is responsible for any errors or omissions. All information is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. To subscribe or unsubscribe, click here: If you have problems with subscribing or unsubscribing, please contact me directly. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 2. Some Words From Our Sponsors Boost your bottom line with these delicious liquid assets! is a Caffe D' Amore Authorized Distributor. We currently stock the full line of Caffe D' Amore Products in both food service and retail. Caffe D' Amore Cocoas, Chai Tea Lattes, Mochas, Frappe Freezes. If you're a fan of Caffe D' Amore you'll appreciate the convenience of our Indianapolis based mid-west distribution. Call 1-888-483-9860 or visit Mention this ad and get FREE FREIGHT on your first order! 1-888-483-9860 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 1st-line Equipment proudly offers the following: Green beans (including those from Josuma Coffee Co.) Espresso machines and good coffee items for your home & Commercial equipment Visit our newly expanded website, with online ordering and reviews, at ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ White Horse Coffee & Tea: Microroastery and Fine Art Located in scenic Sutherlin, Oregon, we are a microroastery and blend small-batch roasting of premium arabica coffee with fine art. Aside from an extensive selection of fine coffees and loose-leaf teas, we have a beautiful art gallery with original oil paintings by Kristin Lusk. Please visit us at ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Custom Imprinted Coffee Mugs Fast Delivery - Competitive Pricing For Details Call Doxpress: 800-999-3676 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "United We Stand...unless traffic is heavy; then it's everyone for himself." Robert ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 3. Bitter Days For Coffee Producers Glut depresses prices, could threaten stability in Latin America By BRENDAN M. CASE / The Dallas Morning News Reprinted with permission of The Dallas Morning News CORDOBA, Mexico - Although U.S. consumers are paying top dollar for decaf lattes and mocha cappuccinos, coffee farmers such as Josi Inis Caballero are careening toward bankruptcy. "Four or five years ago we got $180 for a [132-pound] sack of coffee beans," said Mr. Caballero, 55, dropping off a coffee shipment at a warehouse in Csrdoba, a mountain town in the Gulf Coast state of Veracruz. "Now we get about $42. ... For most of us, that's not enough to live on." Coffee has reigned as Latin America's largest legal cash crop for decades, fueling fortunes and social rebellions alike, depending on price swings and government support programs. Now, with the world's supply of coffee beans outstripping demand, prices have plummeted - and a social crisis is brewing. Misery is spreading through coffee farms in Africa and Asia as well. But in Latin America - which accounts for about 60 percent of world coffee output - low prices are undermining such U.S. goals as slowing the flow of illicit drugs, stemming illegal immigration and fostering economic development to accompany the region's young democracies. "Political stability is at stake, that's what's at issue here," said Larry Birns, the director of the Council on Hemispheric Affairs, a think tank in Washington, D.C. "The coffee crisis produces a kind of political volatility that could open the door to populist solutions." Coffee has long been an economic mainstay in dozens of countries with tropical and subtropical climates. But it has also been subject to volatile price swings, leading to a perpetual cycle of boom and bust. Prices reached $1.80 a pound in 1997, and farmers from Guatemala to Kenya planted more bushes to boost their sales. Growers increased their output with improved production methods. Meanwhile, international development agencies helped finance coffee production in Vietnam. The Southeast Asian nation, long a negligible force in the coffee market, vaulted into the No. 2 slot in global coffee production, behind Brazil. Now, there's a lot more coffee in the world than people are drinking. The International Coffee Organization's benchmark composite price has slipped below 45 cents a pound. Many small- time coffee farmers receive somewhat less than that for their crops of unprocessed coffee. Coffee is no longer profitable throughout large swaths of Latin America and dozens of countries in other developing regions. "This is the worst crisis in the history of the coffee industry - not just in Mexico, but in the whole world," said Roberto Giesemann, executive president of the Mexican Coffee Council, a government agency that looks after that nation's 280,000 coffee growers. In Nicaragua's Matagalpa region, Eddy K|hl Arauz has to spend $75 to fill a sack with his high-end Selva Negra coffee. But the sack is worth less than $65 these days, despite its premium status. "That's very, very low," he said, adding that he can make ends meet only by dipping into his savings. Coffee-producing countries have implemented schemes to destroy part of their crop, in a bid to reduce the supply. Many farmers are simply leaving coffee beans on the bush because harvesting has become too expensive. In Colombia, unemployed coffee worker Marcos Cortez recently moved to the part of the country controlled by the rebels of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia in order to work in a feed lot for cattle. "Coffee was our life, but there's no market now, so we came here to work on cattle ranches," said Mr. Cortez, 28, who now works in San Vicente del Caguan. Bigger profits Low prices have proved a boon to U.S. coffee importers, which have boosted their stockpiles of coffee beans and widened their profits. Among coffee producers, a few determined entities are trying to weather the storm by changing the way they do business. Some are even trying to copy Starbucks Corp. on a small scale. In the southern Mexican state of Chiapas, for instance, a growers' cooperative formed a company called La Selva a few years ago to market their coffee at upscale cafes in Mexico City and elsewhere. Other farmers are shifting to certified organic coffee in hopes of earning premium prices. A budding "fair trade" movement in the United States and Europe aims to connect farmers in poor countries with socially minded consumers in rich countries who are willing to pay a little extra for their morning cup of joe. U.S. imports of such fair-trade coffee has risen from about 2 million pounds in 1999 to more than 7 million pounds last year, according to TransFair USA, a fair-trade group in Oakland, Calif. Equal Exchange Inc., a fair-trade coffee importer near Boston, now pays $1.26 a pound to its suppliers, providing a much-needed lifeline to devastated growers in poor countries. Last fall, the Northwest Texas United Methodist Conference in Amarillo passed a resolution calling on members to serve Equal Exchange coffee at church functions. "For farmers, we're always the best deal in town," said Rodney North, an Equal Exchange executive. Governments are developing solutions of their own. Mr. Giesemann of the Mexican Coffee Council is shelling out tens of millions of dollars in emergency aid and low-interest loans to coffee growers. He also spearheaded a joint effort with Central American nations to destroy 5 percent of their total harvest. Now he's launching a campaign to boost the image of Mexican coffee abroad, and increase consumption at home by installing coffee machines in government offices, prisons and military bases. He even wants to add coffee to the breakfast menu for school children as young as 8 years old. "Studies in Brazil showed that children who drink coffee and milk do better in school," he said. "Besides, coffee is more nutritious than soft drinks." Seeking new ways But such steps take time and expertise, and success is far from guaranteed. Meanwhile, millions of farmers are seeking other alternatives, many of which fly in the face of some of the U.S. government's chief goals in Latin America. In Colombia - the home of marketing icons Juan Valdez and his coffee-carrying mule - law enforcement agents suspect that displaced coffee workers and small-time farmers might be abandoning coffee to sow another stimulant: the coca plant. According to a report last year by the United Nations, the acreage devoted to coca fields in Colombia jumped 60 percent. Other farmers might be turning to poppies for heroin production, analysts said. "Those people are looking for other ways to make money, and it seems other crops don't have the market troubles that are affecting the coffee business," said John Narango, commercial director of the country's National Coffee Federation. "Coffee once provided people with a good income, higher than elsewhere in Colombian agriculture. ... So it is tough for many now to have to give that up." In Mexico, coffee farmers are streaming off the farm to urban shantytowns and the United States. Donato Cortis, 25, says most of his peers have left the coffee- growing areas around Zoquitlan, Puebla, to crowd into the slums of Mexico City. Pedro Castro, a 52-year-old grower in El Paramso, Veracruz, reported that many of his neighbors have moved to Texas, Colorado and California. Gustavo Luna said he is one of the few men left in the hamlet of La Charca, Veracruz. "There are 180 families in my village, and 150 family fathers are working in the United States," said Mr. Luna, 43. "We're only surviving thanks to the money they send us from up north." Others aren't so lucky. Throughout Latin America, low coffee prices are deepening rural poverty and creating a large class of bankrupt farmers and unemployed workers, even as many nations are still taking their first steps toward democracy. "People who once lived on the farms and worked in the fields have gone to the city to beg or to ask for temporary government jobs," said Juan Francisco Chavirria, 37, a Nicaraguan who earns $1 a day picking coffee. "This whole region is dead; there is no economic lift." Staff writers Laurence Iliff in Nicaragua and Ricardo Sandoval in Colombia contributed to this report. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "The problems that exist in the world today cannot be solved by the level of thinking that created them." Albert Einstein ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 4. A Daily Dose of Wisdom from the Rebbe -Words and condensation by Tzvi Freeman B"H The System ---------- The common conception of how the system works is faulty. They see a career as "making a living". A career doesn't "make" anything. What you receive is generated above, in a spiritual realm. Your business is to set up a channel to allow all that to flow into the material world. Brought to you by ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Is your equipment budget hampering your expansion plans? Let us show you how remanufactured equipment can work for you! We rebuild CAPPUCCINO, COFFEE, TEA, GRANITA, JUICE and SODA machines plus more! We also buy used equipment! CALL: 501-982-6883 VISIT: EMAIL: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "Use what talent you possess: the woods would be very silent if no birds sang except those that sang best." Henry Van Dyke ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 5. Coffee in Libraries Robert: Hi..I have been receiving the newsletter for about 6 months and truly enjoy all of the content. I "surfed" into the newsletter while doing research about Coffee in Libraries. I am an architect. I am designing an expansion to our town's 1911 Library and coffee is IN. The depth of the concept is still evolving. The Library has embraced the concept....gasp...drinks mixed with books. Their problem is going to be the implementation. They are leaning toward a vending system, curses................ I enjoy great coffee and this will NOT be the end product with this system, but it's better than a defunct, un-staffed, espresso bar. Does anyone have any suggestions...vendors...etc. about a "not too terrible "vending" system. The majority of the folks using this cafe will not be true "coffee snobs"...just folks excited to enjoy a cup of coffee at the Library. Any input from your readers would be much appreciated. Thanks JRR ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More Coffee in Libraries In response to your notice in this issue of your fine newsletter, I want to let you know about MacKinnon's Cake at the Pattee/Paterno Library on the University Park campus of Penn State University. We opened the Cafe in September of 2001. Operated by Java Company, an auxiliary enterprise of Penn State and part of the Department of Housing and Food Services, the operation has 1,000 square feet of space next to the extended hours reading room of the Library. We have 48 seats in this area and, when the weather permits an additional 50 seats in a sunken courtyard outside the French style doors of the Cafe. In addition to the selection of coffee and coffee related beverages, the menu includes a breakfast component of fresh pastries and muffins made by our Departmental Bakery and a luncheon component of one, or two (depending on the season) soups, deli market style sandwiches and salads and fresh rolls. We also offer ready to eat microwavable meals for customers to take away. The hours of operation are: Sunday 12 PM to 10 PM Monday thru Thursday 8 AM to 10 PM Friday 8 AM to 5 PM Java Company operates 7 Coffee Cart and Cafe operates around the University Park campus under the name of Java Marketplaces and two more will open in the next two years. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "Keep away from people who try to belittle your ambitions. Small people always do that, but the really great make you feel that you, too, can become great." Mark Twain ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 6. Fundamentals for "Reaching Espresso Nirvana" For Traditional, Semi-Automatic Pump-Driven Espresso Machines Reprinted with permission of 1st Line Equipment LLC, Note: The Following Does Not Fully Apply To Superautomatic, Hand Lever, or Steam Power-Generated Espresso Machines That "May" Operate Under Different Principles and Guidelines For Proper Operation. Part I: The "Fundamental Rule" All of your favorite specialty coffee beverages (such as cappuccino, latte, cafe mocha, etc.) Require "espresso" as the main ingredient. The basis for all these beverages is to understand the espresso extraction process. For the espresso enthusiast, this process can become a ritual whereby the aromatic coffee fragrance arouses the desire for the enjoyment of the beverage. For others, the process can be troublesome to overcome and tedious to clean up. We certainly hope to make it the former, and, not the latter! "Espresso Nirvana" is a result of two identities: visual cue and flavor profile. The visual cue is crema. The crema is the golden marbleized "cream" speckled with tints of brown on the surface of the espresso at the end of an extraction. The flavor profile, which is usually an acquired one, results in a bittersweet taste. The crema, coupled with a bittersweet taste, is the epitome of "Espresso Nirvana". To many home baristas and new coffee shoppe owners, there is a mystique in learning to extract the perfect espresso. With the appropriate knowledge learned here, you can overcome this mystique and extract high quality espresso in a very, very short time. Couple this knowledge with some persistent practice and patience on one of our electric pump espresso machines, you will reach "Espresso Nirvana" very quickly as many of our customers have! In the beginning, extracting espresso should be considered a "science". The science is applying learned knowledge to specific variables attributable to extracting "Espresso Nirvana" from your espresso machine. These variables are: The fresh roast of the coffee bean The fineness of the coffee grind The dosage The tamp pressure The brewing temperature The brewing pressure Your "arte" is the experience culminating from learning the "science" on your specific machine. In other words, you will move up the learning curve to "naturally extract" the best espresso without any scientific measurements or aids. In essence, you will only rely on visual clues to achieve "Espresso Nirvana!" To start on your journey, one needs the "science" to progress to the "arte". We shall start with the fundamental rule for proper espresso extraction: Single espresso shot = 1 to 1.5 fluid ounces in 23 to 27 seconds Double espresso shot = 2 to 2.5 fluid ounces in 23 to 27 seconds We recommend that you learn to extract espresso by always measuring the extraction. We advise that you always utilize the double filter basket that is included with your machine since the double filter baskets tend to work better for beginners. This means that a double shot of espresso should equal 2 to 2.5 fluid ounces and take approximately 23 to 27 seconds to extract from the moment you start the pump (turn on the coffee switch) until you reach the appropriate liquid volume. Now, you may say, that I own a machine which makes four (4) cups of espresso at one time. Now, this may be true. You do "make" four cups, but this is not your typical espresso extraction. In fact, it probably is just strong coffee that does not taste good. Remember, "Espresso Nirvana" can only be reached when you extract as indicated above. Finally, you may read other rules, but we have developed and trained many coffee shop baristas to success in extracting the perfect shot! And, we want you to be on your way to do the same!!! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Rabbi Pliskin's Daily Lift Daily Lift #991 Remember Positive Moments When you feel discouraged, you are likely to remember past failures and disappointments. This leads to more emotional pain and increases your discouragement. Make a conscious effort to remember any positive moment in your life. Even if you can only remember one time when you felt positive about yourself or only one time when you manifested confidence or strength, you presently have a resource that is yours for life. Calmly recall the positive feelings you once had and realize that since you have experienced confidence and strength once, you can continue to experience it in the future. (Gateway to Happiness, p. 383) ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 7. CoffeeWantAds Post your CoffeeWantAds FREE for the world to see. Buy, sell, or promote anything coffee-related. Beans, equipment, parts, jobs, advice; this is the place to promote! CoffeeWantAds is a free classified ad service and is for both commercial and residential coffee-related ads. You may post your ad by going to and hit the link to CoffeeWantAds. Most folks do not like wordy ad copy so keep your ad simple, and like a ristretto, short and sweet. You may include an image and a website url. You may also password protect your ad and change it as often as you like. What a price! What a deal! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "For a nation which has an almost evil reputation for bustle, bustle, bustle, and rush, rush, rush, we spend an enormous amount of time standing around in line in front of windows, just waiting." Robert Benchley ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 8. Miriam's Well Bringing Water to Coffee Communities in Need In our travels through the coffee lands, we are consistently told by farmers, in communities as geographically diverse as Sumatra and Ethiopia, that access to water is a problem. Unlike here at home, where the twist of a tap brings abundant and clean water, in many coffee villages, women must walk miles each day with earthen or plastic jugs to fetch the family's water, or draw water from streams polluted by pesticides, oil or other residues of "development". MIRIAM'S WELL is our response to this situation. Beginning in April, we are creating a revolving loan fund to build wells in coffee villages. Dean's Beans will provide no-interest loans to coffee cooperatives so that the farmers can purchase materials and assistance in building their wells. Repayment will come from coffee sales, and the repaid loan will be made available for other community projects. Money for the fund will come from sales of Miriam's Well coffee, other contributions by us and any other matching funds we can find. We are not new to this work. In 1990, while Director of International Development at Coffee Kids, I designed a project that brought water to 1,500 coffee villagers in Kabupaten District in northern Sumatra. We supplied the materials and assisted in the planning, the villagers did the work. Besides bringing water from a mountain stream directly to the village, the project liberated village women from hours of walking daily with heavy water jugs to meet their families' needs. When I mentioned this program to one large development organization, they said they would be happy to help, and with technical support, per diems and administrative overhead, it should cost around $40,000 to build a well. Forget it! Working directly with the farmers and local organizations, we can cut that cost down to around $8,000. Realistically, we would like to build one well each year in a different community. Our first project will be in Ethiopia, working with the Oromia Coffee Farmers Cooperative Union. We will post our progress on our website,, and send out Field Notes from time to time to our retail customers. On a personal note, we'd like to thank you for supporting our work by buying our coffee. We promise to keep roasting great tasting coffee to make the world a better place! 1-800-325-3008 * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "Once the game is over, the king and the pawn go back in the same box." Italian Proverb ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 9. Whazzup in Seattle? Two Spring events supported by The Songbird Foundation Benefit for Seattle Audubon and the Northwest Shade Coffee Campaign Featuring a Presentation on Neotropical Migratory Birds and Shade Coffee by Dr. Gordon Orians Town Hall, 1119 Eighth Ave., Seattle, WA Sunday, March 24, 2002 at 7 pm City Music's third season of "Concerts with a Cause" honors Seattle Audubon and the Northwest Shade Coffee Campaign with its "Flavors of Bohemia" chamber music program. Three great Nationalist composers are featured: Janacek, Kodaly, and Dvorak. Dr. Gordon Orians, a respected ornithologist, behavioral ecologist, biogeographer and conservation biologist, will kick off the evening at 7 p.m. with a presentation on Neotropical migratory birds and shade coffee. Dr. Orians is Professor Emeritus of Zoology at the University of Washington and former director of the University's Institute for Environmental Studies. Seattle's Best Coffee, a founding member of the Northwest Shade Coffee Campaign, will offer a selection of Organic/Shade-Grown coffees for attendees to sample, and dessert will be served. Ticket prices are $18 for adults and $14 for students and seniors (age 60 and up). Children ages 6 to 17 attend for free (limit four children per adult). Tickets available by phone or in! person through the Seattle Audubon Nature Shop (206-523-4483). You may also order by mail using the form at the City Music web site. Earthwalk Americans for the Environment Westlake Center to Seattle Center, Seattle, WA Sunday, April 14th, 1:00 pm EarthWalk is a march, rally and community celebration of personal and public commitment to protecting the environment for future generations. EarthWalk will show the nation and world that Americans from all walks of life believe protecting the planet's health should be a national priority. Bring your friends and a banner representing your favorite cause! For more information, go to Earthwalk Seattle. We look forward to seeing you at these events! Kim Winters Executive Director ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "The best way to cheer yourself up is to try to cheer somebody else up." Mark Twain ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 10. Reader's Comments Robert, I appreciate your well rounded journal..very informative and entertaining. A couple weeks ago I printed out the class descriptions and schedule and took them to Las Vegas Coffee Fest. It was the best and most complete rendering. Other attendees asked where I got such great info. Better than the Coffee Fest brochure. Your tidbits of wisdom are refreshing reminders of what is Real. Don't change a thing!! Thanks Much, Patricia Feris Bean Bay Espresso Cafe Chico, Ca. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "If you are patient in one moment of anger, you will escape a hundred days of sorrow." Chinese Proverb ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 11. Links to My Friends Visit the links page on our website to get the latest links to both coffee related and unrelated sites of interest. If you would like to add your link, please contact me. Check it out. You might find some old friends and make some new ones. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "The incestuous relationship between government and big business thrives in the dark." Jack Anderson ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 12. Feedback Tell me what you think. What do you want more of..less of...what would you change, add, or delete? Please direct all inquiries, comments, article submissions and suggestions to: Robert Badgett ISSN: 1534-4614 - Library of Congress, Washington D.C., USA This journal was made from 100% post-consumer, recycled, non-polluting, and non-trashcan filling electrons. (c) Copyright 2002 Robert L. Badgett. All Rights Reserved.

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