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Welcome to Badgett's Coffee eJournal
"All the Coffee That's Fit to Print"
Volume 1, No. 28 - December 15, 2000

In This Issue:

1. Welcome
2. Some Words from Our Sponsors
3. Ethiopia's Oldest Coffee Industry
4. A Daily Dose of Wisdom from the Rebbe
5. Free Kona Coffee Seeds
6. Contents of Past Issues 11 - 20
7. Coffee Facts
8. Calling All Coffee Newsletters
9. Links to My Friends
10. Feedback


1. Welcome

Welcome, my friends, and thank you for subscribing.

I left last Sunday for a family vacation, so I did this issue a
week ago. I hate to brag, but as you read this, I will be in
Cozumel, exploring the coral reef at about 60 feet under. I just
completed a scuba course and this will be my first dive. I can't

Anyone going to the Coffee Fest Trade Show in Las Vegas in
February? I will be there, so please find me and say howdy. I
will either be wandering around grabbing all the freebies I can
carry or I will be in one of the many seminars they offer. I
will tell you more in later issues about the seminars, or you
may visit their website at I attended the
Coffee Fest in Atlantic City many months ago and I really
enjoyed it. I will be wearing a blue cap with Badgett's Coffee
eJournal on the front. Tall, dark, young, handsome, mustache.
(Some call it lying. I call it poetic license.) released the Version 3.0 redesign on Sunday,
Dec. 3. This version includes improved navigation and an souvenir store. More new features are in the
works. Note from Robert: If you have never visited their site,
you're missing one of the best coffee websites on the Internet.
It has great articles, tutorials, and product reviews, so go
there, or be square.

As long as I'm on my suggestion soapbox, another good source for
coffee education is the newsgroup. There are many
real coffee geeks who regularly contribute to this very active
NG. Go on it and lurk for a while. In no time at all you will be
posting questions and sharing your ideas. If your ISP can't get
you to it, try: Or, you can try: and do a search in "discussions" for coffee.

My goal with this journal is to promote good coffee. I want to
learn, educate, and entertain. I publish every Friday via email
and readers include coffee consumers, home roasters, coffee
geeks, retailers, growers, roasters, and equipment dealers. If
you want to learn more about our most wonderful beverage, this
is the place. I don't sell anything and subscription is free.

If you want to advertise here or submit an article, contact me.
I don't charge for ads, links, or advice. NOTE: My free ad
policy ends December 31, 2000. Please contact me for the new ad
rates. My deadline for ads and articles is Wednesday at 6:00
p.m., Eastern (USA).

DISCLAIMER: All information contained here is obtained by
Badgett's Coffee eJournal from sources believed to be accurate
and reliable. Because of the possibility of human and mechanical
error as well as other factors, neither Badgett's Coffee
eJournal nor its publisher, Robert L. Badgett, is responsible
for any errors or omissions. All information is provided "as is"
without warranty of any kind.

To subscribe or unsubscribe, click here:
If you have problems with subscribing or unsubscribing, please
contact me directly.


2. Some Words From Our Sponsors

The holiday season is just around the corner.have you started
your shopping yet? Let SmellTheCoffee help you! We have a
variety of gifts in the eCoffeeShop guaranteed to make the
coffee lover in your life smile, including a large assortment of
coffees, home & commercial espresso machines, accessories,
t-shirts, books, and more! And don't
makes a great gift for employees and business clients as well!

Make sure to check out our ad in the Wall Street Journal (Nov.
29 in the Central region on the U.S. and Dec. 1 in the Eastern
and Western regions)!

Visit the eCoffeeShop today!


Taylor 3 Barrel Granita Machine & FREE 100 LBS of Coffee

Taylor made this machine to improve service, delivery and
consistency of product. Your profit margins are excellent and
this equipment is a must for summer sales. Contact us at 800-
652-5282 for details. Taylor sells this equipment to retailers
at the regular price.

If you would like information on opening a store please visit
Kaffe Magnum Opus


HOME ROASTER CHRISTMAS SPECIAL runs until Dec. 17th, 2000 or
until supplies last.

Alpenrost Home Roaster------ONLY $269.00 US plus shipping or
$399.00 CDN plus shipping.
Precision Roaster-------------ONLY $122.00 US plus shipping or
$180.00 CDN plus shipping

Check out my prices on Gourmet Coffee. Our process is small
batch roasting and we package the product while it is still warm
in one way valued bags to ensure the freshest taste at your
door. The prices are in CDN Dollars and they do include the
shipping in Canada. If you are from the USA, remove $2.50 CDN
from the price, because you will be charged the shipping. or call 1-403-258-3400


Take a look. You can now enjoy the world's finest coffee,
Jamaica Blue Mountain Grade 1 at near wholesale prices. Click
and see how you can enjoy the best coffee in the world.


Coffee Wholesalers: Your Internet Source for Green Beans

Organic Guatemala Hue Hue Tenango Shade; Co-op Grown,
Smithsonian Bird Friendly; Current Crop, only $3.75 per pound.

Organic Colombia Mesa de Los Santos; Shade Grown, Smithsonian
Bird Friendly; Current Crop, only $3.95 per pound.

Organic New Guinea; A Grade, Shade Grown, Smithsonian Bird
Friendly; Current Crop only $3.75 per pound.

Mention Badgett's Coffee eJournal in the Comments section of the
Shopping Cart to get 1 POUND of green beans FREE with every
order of green coffee.

For Great Deals on other Organic Beans, Roasted Coffee,
Chocolate, and Gift Baskets
Visit us at:


Now order your coffee and syrups online at

We have implemented a shopping cart that will allow you to
purchase coffees directly online. As always free shipping of all
coffee orders of 10 lbs. or more to a commercial address.

Kaldi Gourmet Coffee Roasters
118-105 N Cardinal Drive
Wilmington, NC 28405
(910) 350-0990 Phone
(910) 350-0608 Fax
(800) 221-5368 Toll Free

"The superiority of the article [chocolate] both for health and
nourishment will soon give it the same preference over tea and
coffee in America which it has in Spain." Thomas Jefferson, 1785

3. Ethiopia's Oldest Coffee Industry

It all started in Ethiopia. Here lives the myth about Kaldi's
dancing goats, who were the first to discover the little red and
juicy berries on the wild coffee trees. And from here, in the
centuries to follow coffee spread throughout the entire world.
While the Kaldi story dates back some one thousand years,
Ethiopia today is still as exotic as mysterious as it was then.
One can find Kaldi's goats in the streets of the capital Addis
Ababa, a city bursting with a mixture of modern development and
ancient human history. And dating back to the start of the Kaldi
legend, this North African country has continued to produce some
of the best coffee in the world and now the industry is working
on making it even better. But two decades of civil strife and
socialist rule under the former strongman Mengistu left
infrastructure in ruins, coffee farms in bad shape and in urgent
need of rehabilitation, and the industry further burdened by a
heavy tax system.

Ethiopian coffee

Ethiopia produces primarily arabica coffee (some 225,000 tons)
from wild trees in the provinces of Djimmah, Sidamo, Lekempti
and Salo in the west and Southwest. Ethiopia is believed to be
one of the two birthplaces of the coffee bean (the other more
established source being Yemen). Addis Ababa, its capital is the
chief interior coffee market. The primary names for Ethiopian
coffee beans are Abyssinian, Djimmahand Harrar that is also
known as Harar and Harari. Harrar is the most noted coffee of
Ethiopia grown in plantations near the ancient capital of Harar,
which is both a city and province in the country. Coffee now
known as Harrar used to be sold as either long berry Mocha or
Abyssinian long berry and is usually exported through Djibouti
or Aden. These coffees are described by connoisseurs as winery
or fruity. The beans except for those in Sidamo are generally
dry-processed. Yergacheffe is a more fragrant example of Sidamo
and a wonderful stand-alone coffee. The coffee of Ethiopia, one
of the countries where coffee is a native plant, faded in
popularity for a while. The Harar of Ethiopia varies greatly but
when it's great, it is spectacular with the sweetness and
smoothness of classic Yemen Mocha.


4. A Daily Dose of Wisdom from the Rebbe
-Words and condensation by Tzvi Freeman

Unconscious Joy

A simple way to open up the potential that lies beyond the
conscious self is with joy. With unbounded joy it is possible to
reach the unbounded self.

Brought to you by

"War is a matter of vital importance to the State; the province
of life or death; the road to survival or ruin. It is mandatory
that it be thoroughly studied."
Sun Tzu, "The Art of War" 500 BCE

5. Free Kona Coffee Seeds

If you missed our offer, I still have some seeds left, so please
contact me and ask for Issue #20. It has instructions for
ordering your seeds and for growing them into you own mini
coffee plantation.

"It is better to be looked over than overlooked." Mae West

6. Contents of Past Issues 16 - 20,

If you would like past issues, please contact me. Send an email
and specify the issue number.

In This Issue:

Issue No. 11 - August 4, 2000

Costa Rica Coffee Field Trip
Infusion Coffee by MoJocoffee Company
Nancy's Fuzzy Navel
Brief History of Coffee in Nicaragua by Eddy Kühl
Harriet's World Famous Kugel Recipe
Sustainable Coffee Farming by Eddy Kühl
Modifying a Hot-Air Popcorn Popper by Jeffrey I. Mielke


Issue No. 12 - August 11, 2000

Coffee Basics: The Press Pot
"Caffe Corretto". By Espresso Coffee Shop
Cappuccino Grasshopper
Touring the Highlands of Nicaragua in Matagalpa and Jinotega
Aged Sumatra - Pawani Region By Armeno Coffee Roasters Ltd.
Espresso: Love at First Sip
Tiramisu--Recipes from the Armeno Kitchen


Issue No. 13 - August 18, 2000

Coffee Basics: Vacuum Brewer
Coffee that's Songbird-friendly and Healthy for Habitats
Computers and Internet


Issue No. 14 - August 25, 2000

Coffee Basics: Clean Your Pot!
Coffee Bean Traveler Part 2 of 3
Attention All Cuppers
Problem: Coffee grounds in the cup
Uncommon Grounds


Issue No. 15 - September 1, 2000

Shade Grown Coffee
Processing Coffee
Readers' Comments
Tech Stuff


Issue No. 16 - September 8, 2000

Shade Grown Coffee, (Continued from last week)
Processing Coffee, (Continued from last week)
Kona's Growing Zones


Issue No. 17 - September 15, 2000

Coffee Music and Kids - by Robert A. Piacente
Decaffeinated Coffee by Sterling Moon
Grow Your Coffee From Seed by Sean Stiles
Caffeine Withdrawal: What to do when you fast
What Causes the Foaming?
A Little Humor


Volume 1, No. 18 - September 22, 2000

The Long Road to an Education --- by Coffee Kids
A Daily Dose of Wisdom from the Rebbe
Replace Those Grouphead Gaskets!
Free Kona Coffee Seeds
Four Essentials for Espresso
Questions from Readers
10% Post-Consumer, Un-bleached, Whole-grain,
Dolphin-Safe Coffee. By Jenny Hodges for The Coffee Project


Volume 1, No.19 - September 29, 2000

Coffee Bean Traveler Part 3 of 3
A Daily Dose of Wisdom from the Rebbe
Free Kona Coffee Seeds
Vacuum Pot Brewing Temperature. by Jack Denver
Weird Experience with New Vacuum Brewer, by Mark
Answer to Mark's Question, by Alan
Raised Donuts Recipe
Four Essentials for Espresso
Classified Ads Section


Volume 1, No. 20 - October 6, 2000

What is the difference in foamed and steamed milk?
A Daily Dose of Wisdom from the Rebbe
Free Kona Coffee Seeds
Home Roasting.Popper vs Hearthware Precision Roast
I've Been Hoaxed!
Coffee in the World
Response to "Did You Know" Article, by Gary Talboy
Calling All Coffee Newsletters
Classified Ads Section

"Order or disorder depends on organization; courage or cowardice
on circumstances; strength or weakness on dispositions." Sun Tzu

7. Coffee Facts
Source: Africa South of the Sahara 2000 29th Edition

This is an evergreen shrub or small tree, generally 5m to 10 m
in height, indigenous to Asia and tropical Africa. Wild trees
grow to 10 m, but cultivated shrubs are usually pruned to a
maximum of 3 m. The dried seeds (beans) are roasted, ground and
brewed in hot water to provide the most popular of the world's
non-alcoholic beverages. Coffee is drunk in every country in the
world and its consumers comprise an estimated one-third of the
world's population. Although it has little nutrient value,
coffee acts as a mild stimulant, owing to the presence of
caffeine, an alkaloid also present in tea and cocoa. There are
about 40 species of Coffee, most of that grow wild in the
Eastern Hemisphere. The species of economic importance are C.
arabica (native to Ethiopia), that accounts for about 70% to 75%
of world production and C. canephora (the source of robusta
coffee), which accounts for all but 1% of the remainder. Arabica
coffee is more aromatic but robusta, as the name implies, is a
stronger plant. Coffee grows in the tropical belt, between 200N
and 200S, and from sea level too as much as 2,000 m above. The
optimum growing conditions are found at 1,250 to 1,500 m above
sea level, with an average temperature of around 17C and an
average annual rainfall of 1,000-1,750 mm.

Trees begin bearing fruit three to five years after planting,
depending upon the variety, and give their maximum yield (up to
5 kg of fruit per year) from the sixth to the 15th year. Few
shrubs remain profitable beyond 30 years. Arabica coffee trees
are grown mostly in the American tropics and supply the largest
quantity and the best quality of coffee beans. In Africa and
Asia arabica coffee is vulnerable in lowland areas to a serious
leaf disease and consequently cultivation has been concentrated
on highland areas. Some highland arabicas, such as those grown
in Kenya, have a high reputation for quality. The robusta coffee
tree, grown mainly in east and West Africa, has larger leaves
than arabica but the beans are generally smaller and have lower
quality and price. However, robusta coffee has a higher yield
than arabica, as the trees are more resistant to disease.
Robusta is also more suitable for the production of soluble
(instant) coffee. About 60% of African coffee is of the robusta
variety. Soluble coffee accounts for more than one-fifth of
world coffee consumption.

Each coffee berry, green at first but red when ripe, usually
contains two beans (white in arabica, light brown in robusta)
which are the commercial product of the plant. To produce the
best quality arabica beans known in the trade as mild coffee the
berries are opened by a pulping machine and the beans fermented
briefly in water before being dried and hulled into green
coffee. Much of the crop is exported in green form. Robusta
beans are generally prepared by dry hulling. Roasting and
grinding are usually undertaken in the importing countries, for
economic reasons and because roasted beans rapidly lose their
freshness when exposed to air. Apart from beans, coffee produces
a few minor by-products. When the coffee beans have been removed
from the fruit, what remains is a wet mass of pulp and, at a
later stage, the dry material of the hull or fibrous sleeve that
protects the beans. Coffee pulp is used as cattle feed, the
fermented pulp makes a good fertilizer and coffee bean oil is an
ingredient in soaps, paints and polishes. More than one-half of
the world's coffee is produced on small holdings of less than
five hectares. In most producing countries, and especially in
Africa, coffee is almost entirely an export crop, with little
domestic consumption. Green coffee accounts for some 96% of all
the coffee that is exported, with soluble and roasted coffee
comprising the balance.

"If we ever learn to treat the living with the tenderness with
which we instinctively treat the dead, we shall then have a
civilization well worth distributing.
Thomas Brackett Reed, 1914

8. Calling All Coffee Newsletters

Please do our readers and me a favor and send me links to all
the coffee newsletters you know about.
Send the links to:

Coffee/Tea Guide at About

Café Campesino

The Coffee Chronicle

Ground Control

African Coffee Newsletter Weekly
Coffee Chronicle TM

"There is nothing to howl about. There have always been changes
in the interpretation laid on the Constitution, and there always
will be." Oliver Wendell Holmes, 1933

9. Links to My Friends

Visit the links page on our website to get the latest links to
both coffee related and unrelated sites of interest. Check it
out. You might find some old friends and make some new ones.

"We failed, but in the good providence of God apparent failure
often proves a blessing." Robert E. Lee, 1869

10. Feedback

Tell me what you think. What do you want more of..less of...what
would you change, add, or delete?

Please direct all inquiries, comments, article submissions and
suggestions to: Robert Badgett

(c) Copyright 2000 Robert L. Badgett. All Rights Reserved.

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