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Welcome to Badgett's Coffee eJournal
"All the Coffee That's Fit to Print"
Volume 1, No. 22 - October 20, 2000

In This Issue:

1. Welcome
2. Some Words from Our Sponsors
3. The Espresso Machine: Centerpiece of Your Coffee Bar
by Al Genasco
4. A Daily Dose of Wisdom from the Rebbe
5. Free Kona Coffee Seeds
6. Where in the heck is Mavis Bank?
By Barbara Gerard for The Coffee Project
7. Open Letter of Protest of Expulsions, Arrests and Murders,
Mut Vitz Coffee Coop, by Kerry Appel
8. Response to "Did You Know" Article, by Gary Talboy
9. Calling All Coffee Newsletters
10. "Treat Me" Coffee
11. Classified Ads Section
12. Links to My Friends
13. Feedback


1. Welcome

Welcome, my friends, and thank you for subscribing.

We have gained many new subscribers in the past few weeks,
thanks to all of you. Please contact me for past issues. One of
these days I'm going to come up with a good idea for a past
issue index, so you will know what to ask for. Bear with me
until I do.

Warning: Another very wordy issue. Use your scroll bar and pick
and choose what interests you. Save the rest for later.

Al Genasco finishes up his article on the centerpiece of the
coffee bar, The Espresso Machine.

Gary Talboy completes his critique of an article that appeared
here in Issue #1. If you do not have that issue, please contact
me and I will send it to you.

Kerry Appel sent an open letter of protest that he asked me to
share with you. It's a very serious matter, and if you want to
contact Kerry about the letter, please do so. I'm sure he would
welcome your comments:

Anyone like Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee? Read the interesting
article by Barbara Gerard of The Coffee Project. I've been to
Jamaica once and I'm going back in December. It's a beautiful
country and those folks do grow some good tasting coffee. I just
wish I could afford it.

Send me your favorite coffee newsletter links and I will share
them with everyone.

Check out the Classified Ad Section for some used coffee
equipment. This section is just beginning, but I think it will
be a regular feature for you, whether you're interested in
equipment for your business or for your home.

The election is getting closer and closer. Don't wake up the
morning after and be disappointed with yourself that you didn't
vote. Be aware of the issues. Take a stand. Exercise your right
to vote. Don't be among the apathetic one-half of our citizens
who don't think it's important enough to put forth the little
effort that is required.

If you would like any past issue, please email me and I will
send it to you or anyone else.

My goal with this journal is to promote good coffee. I want to
learn, educate, and entertain. I publish every Friday via email
and readers include coffee consumers, home roasters, coffee
geeks, retailers, growers, roasters, and equipment dealers. If
you want to learn more about our most wonderful beverage, this
is the place. I don't sell anything and subscription is free.

If you want to advertise here or submit an article, contact me.
I don't charge for ads, links, or advice. My deadline for ads
and articles is Wednesday at 6:00 p.m., Eastern.

DISCLAIMER: All information contained here is obtained by
Badgett's Coffee eJournal from sources believed to be accurate
and reliable. Because of the possibility of human and mechanical
error as well as other factors, neither Badgett's Coffee
eJournal nor its publisher, Robert L. Badgett, is responsible
for any errors or omissions. All information is provided "as is"
without warranty of any kind.

To subscribe or unsubscribe, click here:
If you have problems with subscribing or unsubscribing, please
contact me directly.


2. Some Words From Our Sponsors

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Sip and Reflect Quote of the Week:

"The snow goose need not bathe to make itself white.
Neither need you do anything but be yourself." -- Lao-Tse

Brought to you weekly by Sterling Moon Specialty Coffees - Exclusively a 'Net outlet for 88
of the world's finest international coffees


One Pound Roaster from Coffee Project

I would like to let everyone know about the one pound roaster
we're carrying. They are available now, and just perfect for a
coffee house or budding entrepreneur to get into roasting their
own coffee.
Wholesale beans from The Coffee Project average $3.25 or so per
pound and if one sells the roasted coffee at $10 to $13 per
pound, the numbers look pretty good. It's a great machine,
beautiful, small, and easy to use.
Roasts about three pounds per hour and can run all day long.


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Roast 100 gm. beans at a time (approx. 15 shots of espresso).
Adjust the roast to your individual taste - any grade from
regular coffee to French roast or espresso roast.

Simple to operate and priced right for every coffee lover.

Order your Precision coffee roaster today, for only $125.00
delivered in Continental USA only. For Hawaii, Alaska, Canada,
Puerto Rico, and overseas orders, additional shipping charges
will apply.
One measuring scoop for beans and a brush for cleaning included
in price.
Visa and M/C accepted. To order please e-mail or call:

Services Unlimited, Inc.
650 North Cannon Avenue, Lansdale, PA 19446
Phone: 1-888-950-4878

"There ain't no answer.
There ain't going to be
any answer. There never
has been an answer.
That's the answer."

Gertrude Stein

3. The Espresso Machine: Centerpiece of Your Coffee Bar
by Al Genasco continued from last week

DO YOU THINK YOU'RE OFF THE HOOK, now that you have picked the
right machine and the right coffee?? Oh no! Not yet, pal.
You must now GRIND the beans down to the proper ground coffee in
order to extract the proper espresso.

You have to pay attention to this step as well. If you don't,
your efforts of becoming King of the brew may prove worthless.
A coffee grinder is not a complicated piece of equipment at all.
You put some coffee beans inside the hopper, you plug it in, you
switch it on and it grinds. You then either switch it off or ,
in the case of an automatic grinder, it switches off
automatically, providing you have enough coffee beans inside the
hopper. The part that you must understand and interact with
the grinder is most often the "adjustment wheel" or the part
that lets you decide how fine/coarse your coffee should be

This "adjustment wheel" has segments or notches or numbers that
should be of reference to you, once you have found the 'perfect'
grind for your espresso. I put 'perfect' in quotation simply
because there is not a perfect or set position for your
adjustment wheel that, once set, it will be the same forever and
ever and, although it could seem advisable to inform your staff
not to ever touch this or that setting "..Don't let anybody ever
touch that.ever!", that will not help much in the pursuit of the
'perfect espresso'. For example: if you happen to change coffee
beans or if your beans are getting too old or if today's
delivery is a little more oily than last week's or you were
closed for a whole week or if today is very humid, but next week
they say it is going to be nice and dry.well all of these
factors and others not mentioned here will require that you
adjust/re-adjust the grinding of your coffee beans. Yes even the
degree of humidity in the air will affect the coffee bean and
its outcome if the grinding is not properly adjusted.

The outside temperature and humidity affect constantly the vast
array of chemical components found in the coffee bean, which
interprets the ever changing surrounding conditions causing a
reaction in the bean that must be compensated by the adjustment
of the grinding wheel in order to obtain the same brew today as
the one you obtained yesterday.

The Espresso machine should also be properly calibrated to
deliver between 8 and 10 bar (in Kgs.) of brewing pressure (mind
here that brewing pressure is different from steam pressure
Steam pressure is usually set between 1.0 and 1.5 bar (in Kgs.),
while Brewing Pressure, as I said and repeat, is between 8 and
10 bars.

The water feeding your Espresso machine should go through some
kind of filtration system and/or softening agent (a lot of this
requirement and how to best face the water issue problem depends
from the type of water that exists in your neighborhood ).

The most important parts to clean in your Espresso machines are
the following:

Your steam wands (wipe them clean with a cloth every time you
use them or several times a day).
2) Your shower heads and sottocoppe (these are the brewing heads
or the area underneath, where the portafiltro - with ground
coffee in it - touches the flat screen of the group head. They
should be cleaned at the end of each day by running hot water
through them. When you see that the flow of water running
through the shower heads starts to concentrate more in one area
than an other and it is somehow restricted, then it is time to
change the shower heads and while you are at it, you may change
the sottocoppe as well. The sottocoppe are the large O-rings,
which go around the shower head and are deep inside the brewing
head). It is possible to systematically clean the sottocoppe by
scraping their surface with a small slotted screwdriver.

There are also cleaning solutions out there that you can use to
properly clean your Group heads (brewing heads). These cleaning
agents, usually in the form of powders, are used in combination
with a 'dumb filter' or ' filtro cieco', which is none other
than a s/s filter basket without holes. Make sure to use the
dumb filter in strides of 5 seconds at the time: repeat the
operation, with or without the cleaning agent, three times for 5
seconds at the time. Make sure to rinse out all the parts that
have been in contact with the cleaning agent (that is dumb
filter shower head) very thoroughly over and over again in
order to eliminate any chemical residuals left over by the
cleaning agent.

If you do not feel like you could handle such minor, but
necessary interventions on your machine every six months or so,
you could always call a technician for the replacement of the
shower heads and sottocoppe.
The whole operation should not take more than 30 minutes for a 2
Group machine, which, by the way, does not have to be shut down.
The cost for such an intervention should not run over $ 80.-
( or $ 40.- per Group). This is just working time on the machine
and this charge may vary from company to company and may or may
not include traveling time. Some Coffee Companies may also
provide this service for free, if you are one of their regular

There is much more to become a success story and really stand
out in this Espresso business of ours, but if you: Start out
right Build a steady clientele Plan your moves and Stick it
out for a while (You've got to give it a couple of years ),
chances are that You will become a success story and reap the
many rewards success usually brings about.

If you need any more help, please do not hesitate to contact me.

Al Genasco


4. A Daily Dose of Wisdom from the Rebbe
-Words and condensation by Tzvi Freeman

True Ideas

A thought that helps no one, not only is it not true, in the
final result it never was. For all that is, physical or
spiritual or Divine, was only created to be part of the repair
of this world of action. And once that repair is done, all that
will be true are those things that made it happen.

In every thought, look for the power to change the world.

Brought to you by

"Good breeding consists in concealing how much we think of
ourselves and how little we think of the other person."
Mark Twain, 1935

5. Free Kona Coffee Seeds

If you missed our offer, I still have some seeds left, so please
contact me and ask for Issue #20. It has instructions for
ordering your seeds and for growing them into you own mini
coffee plantation.

"If we in the Senate would stop calling each other
'distinguished', we might have ten working days a year."
Sen. Edward W. Brooke, 1972

6. Where in the heck is Mavis Bank?
by Barbara Gerard for The Coffee Project

To answer this question, consider the two most exclusive coffees
available and where they originate. Fifty-fifty chances that
you're on the right island.

Need another hint? Although it's an area where one of the most
exclusive coffees are grown, it's more commonly recognized as
the shortened name for a pulpery located within the area of the
same name.

Give up? Mavis Bank Central Factory is located at Mavis Bank in
the Blue Mountain Range in Jamaica.

Rearrange these words to Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee and
whisper this phrase to coffee aficionados only if you're
prepared to catch them mid-swoon. But how did this particular
strain of Arabica beans come to be considered the finest of the
fine? Are all coffee beans from Jamaica this special? And do
you need to travel all the way to Jamaica to get the very best?

Jamaica is an island in the West Indies, approximately 90 miles
south of Cuba and 100 miles west of Haiti. Although at 4400
square miles it's a little smaller than Connecticut, some
pundits believe Jamaica resembles a continent more than an
island. The vast array of locales certainly supports that claim
-- about all it's lacking is snow. Jamaica has 120 rivers
flowing from its rugged mountain range to the coast with mile
after mile of white sandy beaches. The island is also home to
massive central plains, fertile crop land, towering cliffs,
breathtaking waterfalls, and dense, verdant tropical forests.

This paradise had been inhabited by the Arawak Indians since 650
AD. Their way of life was irreparably altered when in May of
1491 a storm blew Christopher Columbus off course. Within
twenty years Spanish settlers had built a town on the north
coast and most of the Arawaks were dead -- from overwork or
European disease or the crossbow.

Apparently the Spanish hoped to find deposits of precious
metals. As the island's natural wealth does not include gold
and silver, these early settlers were disappointed with their
conquest. They soon paid the island scant attention. When the
British came along in 1655 their expansion plans met little
resistance. Within a few years English settlers were busy
planting: mainly sugarcane, but also tobacco, cotton and cocoa.

The many vast sugar plantations required a massive labor force.
Seeing that it would be impossible to pay workers a living wage
and still maintain a certain lifestyle, slavery was introduced
into the New World. Jamaica absorbed nearly one million slaves
(primarily Africans who were forcibly torn from their homelands)
and also became a huge trans-shipment center for slaves going on
to other colonies in the Americas.

In 1728 the first coffee tree was brought to Jamaica. Jamaican
tradition tells the tale of the original trees being stolen from
the French King's private palace garden. The more widely
accepted history credits colonial governor Sir Nicholas Lawes
with importing seedlings from Hispaniola (Haiti and the
Dominican Republic). Finding Jamaica's tropical climate well-
suited to the trees' needs, the plants flourished.

Coffee cultivation moved at a relatively slow pace until the
1790s, when persecuted Haitian refugees moved to the relatively
safe Jamaica. Among these immigrants were skilled coffee
farmers, many who opted to live in the mountains located in St.
Thomas, St. Andrew and Portland on the eastern side of the

While Jamaica may have seemed quiet and safe to the Haitians,
for both the slaves and the British planters alike it was
neither. Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries the British
planters were continuously harassed by the Maroons (armed
runaway and free slaves who lived in the hills of rural
Jamaica). The frequent "lightning raids" on plantations and
settlements finally resulted in the desired effect: in 1807 the
slave trade was abolished, and in 1833 the slaves were
emancipated. Some of the newly freed slaves became free settlers
in the hills, and opted to try their hand at coffee farming
alongside the experienced Haitians.

Many of these original small farmers first sold their product to
larger estates, who then exported their green beans to Great
Britain. Not a bad set-up for most everyone concerned, but
Victor C. Munn had other ideas. In the 1920s Mr. Munn, himself
a planter and processor, bought five acres at Mavis Bank in the
Blue Mountains. Here he established a pulpery to process the
beans brought in from outlying areas. Soon most all coffee
estates were sending their beans to Munn's factory. Since 1973
Mavis Bank Central Factory, Blue Mountain Coffee Coop, Portland
Blue Mountain Coffee Coop and three other processors are the
only ones who can turn out Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee. The
beans must be grown, harvested, and processed in the legally
defined area of Jamaican Blue Mountain.

Although nearly 30,000 Jamaican acres are devoted to coffee
production, only one-third (12,000 acres) are considered Blue
Mountain by the CIB (Jamaica's Coffee Industry Board, which
created and maintains standards for both taste and appearance of
Blue Mountain Coffee). All of these acres are situated 2,000-
5,000 feet above sea level -- an area with specific minerals,
mountain shade and cloud cover. The combination of climate,
soil and altitude here in the Blue Mountains produce a bean that
must stay on the bush at least three months longer than other
beans before it reaches maturity. This longer ripening process
gives the bean a richer, deeper flavor than most others.

What makes this coffee so special? The smoothness? The medium
acidity? The excellent body, richness and aroma? Some feel the
drink is distinctly sweet in the cup, and it's definitely void
of all off-flavors. It's been said that Jamaican Blue Mountain
is the "perfect balance of the cup." All of those
characteristics that we employ to judge a coffee are very good,
but none outweighs another.

As home coffee roasters, you're lucky: rather than the $60-$100
for roasted Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee beans that you'll find
in Japan, you can purchase the green beans, experiment with
various roasts and brewing methods, and decide for yourself.
Let us know.

I'd like to let everyone know this time, that advertising space
is available in Ground Control. Just contact The Coffee Project
for rates. We can accept files in photoshop, quark, as gif's,
tiffs, or jpeg's. We can also design the ad for you if you'd
prefer. Contact:

"When you cease to make a contribution you begin to die."
Eleanor Roosevelt, 1960

7. Kerry Appel, The Human Bean Company, Denver, Colorado
October 1, 2000

To: Governor Elect of Chiapas Pablo Salazar
President Elect of Mexico Vicente Fox
Human Rights Organizations
Human Rights Activists
The Media
United States Congress and Senate
United States Departments of Commerce and International Trade

The coffee cooperative Sociedad de Solidarid Social Mut Vitz
(Society of Social Solidarity Mut Vitz) is a cooperative of
indigenous Mayan small coffee producers from six municipalities
in the highlands of Chiapas, Mexico which was organized and
legally registered in 1998. My name is Kerry Appel and I am the
director of The Human Bean Company, a fair trade coffee company
located in Denver, Colorado. I have been buying coffee from
indigenous coffee cooperatives in Chiapas since 1996.

I met the directors of Mut Vitz in 1998 and became the first to
buy coffee from these coffee producers under fair trade terms.
Until this purchase of coffee the producers who make up the
coffee cooperative have historically had to sell their coffee to
local coffee buyers, referred to as "coyotes", people who pay
the coffee producers a fraction of the world market coffee
price. The formation of the coffee coop was an attempt by the
coffee producers to escape this system of economic exploitation,
to raise themselves from the poverty that they have endured as a
result of this system, and to begin the process of the self-
development of the infrastructure of their communities.

Even though the coffee coop members live in the midst of
military occupation by the Mexican Federal army and the
paramilitary groups associated with the army and the state
Public Service police, they managed to succeed in finding direct
markets for their coffee in the United States and in Europe.
The economic picture began to improve. In 1999 the future
looked good for Mut Vitz.

The very first hours of the New Year of 2000 begin to change
this view. At 5:00am on January 1sst, 2000, I was detained at
an army roadblock while leaving an indigenous New Year's
cultural celebration and then expelled from Mexico and banned
from returning. This was on top of having previously been
denied a renewal of my business visa. This does not stop me
from continuing my work on behalf of fair trade and human rights
but it certainly makes it more difficult.

On January 13th there began a series of murders and assaults and
a campaign of dubious arrests of members of the Mut Vitz
cooperative. Including the January expulsion of myself, here is
a chronology of the campaign against Mut Vitz.

January 1st, Kerry Appel, buyer of Mut Vitz coffee, -detained

January 3rd, Kerry Appel, -expelled

January 13th, Martin Sanchez Hernandez, from Chavajebal,-killed.

February 1st, Martin Gomez Jimenez, Chavajebal, -killed
(widow, Rosa Sanchez Perez, 2 children)
Lorenzo Perez Hernandez, Chavajebal, -killed
(widow, Rosa Sanchez Nunez, 1 child)
Rodolfo Gomez Ruiz, Chavajebal,-killed
(widow, Petrona Gomez Sanchez, 8 children)
Mateo Jimenez Nunez,-gravely wounded by gunfire
(wife, Maria Gomez Sanchez, 1 child)

February 16th, Manuel Nunez Gomez, Bochil, La Lagunita,-killed

July, Kerry Appel,---- Mexican courts overturn expulsion, free
to travel again

July 26th, Salvador Lopez Gonzalez, -arrested

July 27th, Pascual Sanchez Gomez, Chavajebal, -killed
(widow, Magdalena Hernandez Gomez, 5 children)

August 2nd, Lucio Gonzalez, President of Mut Vitz, -arrested

August, Kerry Appel,- Mexican Immigration issues another
expulsion order & ban

September 9th, Marcos Ruiz Gomez, San Antonio el Brillante,-

Note: I have been informed by Mut Vitz that Marcos Ruiz Gomez
had previously been a member of the coffee coop but had left the
coop some time previous to his murder.

In August I was given a letter written by Mut Vitz. The
original text in Spanish is below followed by my English


Mut Vitz, Sociedad de Solidaridad Social
Avenida Ignacio Allende #4, Centro Historico
San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico
Tel. 00-52-961-25095, 00-52-967-82104

R.F.C. MVI-980813-DA5, Registro de Exportar 2335

Chiapas, Mexico a 20 de Agosto


Por este medio les daremos a saber por parte de la Sociedad Mut
Vitz S: de S.S. denuncia a los medios de comunicacion y a
derechos humanos, a la sociedad civil nacional y internacional y
a los negociantes de comercio justo y al Gobierno de Mexico y
Estados Unidos de America lo que ha estado pasando en estos
En enero mataro un socio de Chavajeval, municipio de San Juan de
la Libertad, en febrero murio otros 3 en el camino de la misma
comunidad, en junio otro uno, en julio llevaron a la carcel 2 de
Union Progresso, agosto llevaron a carcel el presidente de la
Sociedad Mut Vitz. Esto esta pasando en las comunidades en
Esto es parte de guerra sucia de Gobierno de oprimir a las
indigenas que luchan por democracia, justicia y libertad para

English translation:

By this medium we inform you, on the part of the Society of Mut
Vitz: S.S., of the denouncement to the mediums of communication
and to human rights groups, to the national and international
civil society and to fair trade businesspersons and to the
Mexican and United States governments, of that which has been
happening in these months.
In January an associate was killed from Chavajeval, municipality
of San Juan de la Libertad, in February 3 others died in the
road of the same community, in June another (was killed), in
July 2 people from Union Progresso were taken to jail, in August
they jailed the president of the Society of Mut Vitz. This is
happening in the communities in resistance.
This is part of the dirty war of the government to oppress the
indigenous communities, which are struggling for democracy,
justice and liberty for everyone.

(end of letter)

It is obvious that these expulsions, arrests and murders are
part of an intentional campaign against the communities in
resistance in general and specifically against members of the
coffee cooperative Mut Vitz. For one thing, all of these
murders are happening to members of the autonomous communities
in resistance and none are happening to the members of the pro-
government (PRI) communities. The level of violence is also far
higher than what statisticians might call a "normal" level of

Another indication that this is an intentional campaign of
violence is that these murders are happening in the midst of a
massive military occupation. There are several paramilitary
groups operating in Chiapas who have direct ties to the army,
police and the government of Chiapas. There is one paramilitary
group right in the midst of the area where these murders are
taking place called "Los Platanos". I have stood with members
of Mut Vitz on more than one occasion while they pointed out to
me the paramilitary training-taking place with the state Public
Security police on the hill across the valley.

As proof that the Mexican army and the paramilitaries might
collaborate in murder, all one has to do is recall June of 1998
when the army and the paramilitaries invaded Chavajebal and
Union Progresso. They killed three members of the autonomous
communities outright and then killed five more after they
arrested them.

It is also very worrisome to note that there are also many
similarities between the events occurring now in the communities
of the Mut Vitz members and those that preceded the massacre of
46 indigenous persons at Acteal in December of 1997.

The Human Bean Company, citizens of the cities of Denver and
Boulder, Colorado, members of Businesses for Human Rights and
Equitable Trade in Chiapas (BETHRIC), and even fair trade groups
in Europe have been participating with the members of the coffee
cooperative Mut Vitz in many projects. These projects range
from chicken coops to hog pens, from reforestation to bathrooms,
from health clinics to ovens for baking bread. And for the
efforts of Mut Vitz and of all of their friends and allies who
are working together toward fair trade that respects the rights
of indigenous peoples what we get in return is expulsions,
arrests and murder.

We call on the President elect of Mexico Vicente Fox and on the
new governor of Chiapas Pablo Salazar to recognize San Andres
Accords and the COCOPA Initiative on Indigenous Rights and
Culture, to disarm the paramilitary groups and to withdraw the
army to their barracks. And we call upon them to stop the
murder of the members of Mut Vitz. And we call upon the
citizens and the media and the governments of other countries to
pressure the Mexican government to end this campaign of

With all of the talking that Vicente Fox and Pablo Salazar are
doing right now about the benefits of trade and investment and
the supposed democratization of Mexico and the alleged
improvements in the human rights record of Mexico, we have to
ask, "Do not these benefits extend to indigenous peoples and to
fair trade businesspersons as well?"

Kerry Appel
The Human Bean Company

This is the first draft of this letter. There could be, and
probably will be, revisions based upon additional information
that may come up. If any of you have pertinent information or
comments please feel free to offer them.

Additional Note:
The statements included in the above document are not without
extensive documentation. I have video documentation, police
reports, newspaper articles, testimonies, personal observation
and reports by the thousands (literally) to confirm all of the
allegations made.

"All the ills of democracy can be cured by more democracy."
Alfred E. Smith, 1933

8. Response to "Did You Know" Article in Issue #1
by Gary Talboy, continued from last week

1. QUESTIONS: Those questions I originally asked the author to
answer, and continued to ask as he continued to refuse to
respond with responsible answers.

which I added after two months or trying to get the author to
stand behind his article.


AUTHORS STATEMENT: Did you realize that the "price" paid for the
their products is artificially manipulated to be so low that the
peasants can not exist on their harvests? Eventually, they must
starve, cut their TREES or sell their lands to the same western
corporate cultural system that has forced them into the
situation in the first place!

Please explain the mechanics of how "price" paid to peasants
is "artificially manipulated" to be low?
Are you saying that low prices are paid by this "system" to
cause farmers to have to cut their trees so this system can buy
the land with no trees for low prices?

AUTHORS STATEMENT: Did you realize that the water-bath coffee
corporations gladly take the money, which you unknowingly give
them for 'water-bathing your coffee', and exchange it for the
land heritage of the peasant land holders whose traditional
labor and way of life has been lost to this low-labor

QUESTION:- What is a "water-bath" corporation?
Please explain how "floaters" can be removed by hand prior to

OBSERVATION: The author uses this term "Water Bath" coffee
which he has refused to define, along with refusal to respond to
any of the other questions herein with answers. I can only
surmise that he refers to "Washed" coffee (Wet Processing) as
opposed to "Natural" coffee (Dry Processing). The concept that
Washed Coffee represents "less" labor than Natural Coffee could
only be held by a person who does not understand either very
well, or has not thought about it very long. In reality, washed
coffee production requires more labor, more steps, more input,
and therefore creates more commerce which provides jobs for more
people. Production of Naturals traditionally takes place where
there is no water available, and/or where the farmers are too
uneducated to know how to properly process coffee. As a result
they become even easier prey to middlemen and exporters who
universally sell naturals for much less due primarily to quality
problems. There may be an exception of two in the world, but to
paint the picture that Naturals are the salvation of peasant
peoples and Washed coffee production is their demise is not only
blatantly wrong, it is grossly irresponsible.

AUTHORS STATEMENT: Did you realize the term, 'water-bathed',
means that the corporations have processed your coffee by
floating it in water to remove the bad seeds and the labor cost
of hand removal and sorting?

-Did YOU realize that "water-bathed' is a term you made up that
is used nowhere else in
the world to describe coffee processing?
- Why don't you use the terms the industry understands?
Are you perhaps confusing the term "washed coffee" with this
term "water-bathed"?
Do you know what "washed coffee" means? If no, why not? And
if so, why don't you use that term?

COMMENTS: Floating cherries takes place in only a small
percentage of washed coffee operations and it represents a small
step to separate out leaves, sticks, and beans that have been
infested by insects "before" the rest of the coffee is pulped,
fermented, dried, hulled, sorted, graded, bagged, and shipped.
A water bath is unnecessary in washed coffee production, but it
helps. To suggest that floating out leaves and sticks into
water before the pulping operation is somehow evil and bypassing
what would otherwise be hand labor is totally incorrect and
again at best ignorant and at worst intentionally deceptive.
Sticks, leaves, and insect ridden beans go through the pulper
fine, they just affect the quality negatively and have to be
removed "by hand" at a later time in the processing.

AUTHORS STATEMENT: Did you realize the sugars in your coffee
have been fermented into alcohol to prevent the sticky sugars on
a bad bean from floating off a good bean.

QUESTION: - Please explain this logic because on the surface
it makes no sense what-so-ever.
Are you referring to the traditional fermentation process that
takes place after pulping coffee cherries for washed coffee?
How do "sticky sugars" float off any bean during any part of
either wet or dry processing of coffee?
COMMENT: This statement is delirious negative babble that has
no basis in science or in practice. A person knowledgeable
about coffee would be embarrassed to catch themselves saying
something like this in public.

AUTHORS STATEMENT: Did you realize that they dried your water-
bathed coffee in giant ovens so it wouldn't rot before it dried
naturally in the sun?

OBSERVATION: It is finally with this statement that I must come
to the conclusion that you have not the foggiest idea of what
really takes place in coffee processing, OR you are making up
these ridiculous statements presented as "truth" because those
to whom you write won't ever know the difference.

COMMENT: Here I see more "fear" tactics to convince people that
"they" have a sinister plot against "you" and "my" coffee is
your only hope for a solution ! Truth is, rotting is more of a
problem with naturals than with washed coffees. The reason is
that dry processing leaves the cherry pulp on the seed as it
dries and that pulp rots (prolonged fermentation) as it dries,
often tainting the flavor of the bean inside negatively.

AUTHORS STATEMENT: Did you realize why they didn't even tell you
about it?

QUESTION: - About what?.who are "they"?
OBSERVATION: This creation of a mythical enemy by repeatedly
using the words "corporate" and "they"

AUTHORS STATEMENT: Did you realize that this was 'NOT DONE' in
an effort to improve your coffee product, but in an effort to
avoid paying the traditional labor to the villagers thereby
creating deprivation and hunger?

QUESTION: - What is "this" ? . water-bathing coffee ? are you
serious ? Do you have any idea what a complete fool you are
making of yourself with these statements?

COMMENT: The person writing this universal judgmental babble
should be ashamed. Prior to the advent of washed coffee
processing, NO ONE PAID VILLIAGERS for their "traditional"

AUTHORS STATEMENT: Did you realize purchasing water-bath,
corporate coffee removes the traditional coffee processing
worker's incomes, thereby removing their food supply, thereby
creating extreme hunger, thereby forcing them to cut their TREES
in order to survive and finally, thereby forcing them to sell
their lands while making billionaires out of their exploiters?

QUESTION: - I would be fascinated to hear your explanation on
how "water-bath" processing actually accomplishes all this evil.
Please do so with some level of detail.
- I must ask the writer:
1. Are you in business and do you have a company?
2. Is your company incorporated?

OPINION: This logic is madness! Its only value is to
manipulate the ignorant.

"WHEEL OF SHARP WEAPONS" (the Tibetan expression signifying
conduct that injures both victim and victimizer)!!


Did you realize Coffee is the world's largest agricultural
commodity, second only to petroleum?

Did you realize OUR buying power can force these unconcerned
mega-giant corporations into protecting the trees, the birds and
the people while providing you a superior, old fashioned cup of

OBSERVATION: Here we go again with the "us" against "them"
theme. There are only a few very large multi-national coffee
companies in the world and they all sell cheap coffee. They
have nothing to do with Specialty Coffee, and if they stopped
buying the cheap coffee millions of small farmers would truly
starve and economies of many third-world producers would fold
and require U.S. $$ assistance from IMF and World Bank
resources. Producers provide "cheap" coffee because that is
what the multi-nationals want. The multi-nationals want cheap
coffee only because consumers around the world "demand" cheap
coffee. None of this has anything what so ever to do with
naturals versus washed coffee, and to suggest that washed coffee
processing is somehow responsible is insanity.

QUESTIONS: an 'old-fashioned' cup of coffee?
OUESTIONS: Please explain the process by which consumers can
force "mega-giant" corporations to protect trees, birds, and
people while providing them with superior coffee. There are a
number of "steps" that would be required for this to take place
and I am wondering if you could elaborate on what these steps
would be and how these changes would therefore come about in a
free economy.

Did you realize buying CAPULIN-hand sorted, hand processed,
traditionally dried, naturally shade grown, 100% fully mature,
Arabica coffee is the first step in reversing this direction and
brings support directly to village producers participating in

OBSERVATION: Perhaps now I find the answer to my question why
you are saying all these things. QUESTION:- Please explain
precisely what Capulin coffee is.
Does this mean that all this negative mis-information
proceeding is to convince people that they should buy "Capulin"
coffee instead of other coffees, because by purchasing those
"other" coffees people would be supporting the horrible things
that are happening to the environment and people of third world

Did you realize the CAPULIN EFFORT more than doubles the coffee
income of all villagers participating in the project and is
designed to end the economic enslavement of the world's
traditional people 'held hostage' by the corporate plan to
obtain control over all traditional peoples and all of their

I have never heard of "Capulin" as an effort or as a coffee,
but I understand from over 20 years of experience that such
claims are numerous and very few are documented. Please help
me understand how you can "document" a claim that Capulin Coffee
actually represents "double" the income of "all villagers"
participating in the "project". This is a very clear claim that
could not be made honestly unless you can first document the
amount the "villagers" received "before" Capulin, and then
document that the villagers "actually received" twice that
documented amount for the Capulin coffee. Since the statement
is made about the Capulin "program" you are clearly including
all coffees under the Capulin name as qualifying for the merit
of "doubling" the income of "all" villagers participating in the

Did you realize you can make a difference? You can print, post
and email this expose' to everyone you know and every group of
good folks who just don't realize what's going on because no one
has taken the time or courage to tell them. Help begin the
journey of a thousand miles! While there is time, we must act!

Tell me if I understand correctly..if I really care about
helping poor peasants who grow coffee then I will pass on these
mis-representations and distortions of truth to my friends so
they will realize that they can only feel "good" about the
coffee they buy if it is YOUR coffee! Is that correct? If so,
it is my opinion that using the "image" of mistreated people to
dishonestly promote your own welfare is absolutely despicable!
I sincerely hope that you will have the "courage" to answer my
questions and demonstrate that your are not just another
enterprising company seeking to make profit by creating
negativity, fear, utilizing guilt as a tool, and pointing an
accusing finger at your competitors to enhance your own success.

AUTHORS STATEMENT: Let the light brighten your insight.



Gary Talboy
Specialty Coffee Consultants

This concludes Mr. Talboy's analysis of the "Did You Know"
article. If you would like to contact him:

Robert's Note: Please contact me for Issue #1 if you need it.

"It is of great importance in a republic not only to guard
against the oppression of its rulers, but to guard one part of
society against the injustice of the other part."
Alexander Hamilton, 1787

9. Calling All Coffee Newsletters

Please do our readers and me a favor and send me links to all
the coffee newsletters you know about.
Send the links to:

The Coffee Chronicle

Ground Control
Free within the US, $10 elsewhere. Send a snailmail address to

African Coffee Newsletter Weekly
Coffee Chronicle TM


10. Treat Me Coffee sent by Jason

1 cup strong, well-brewed coffee
1 tablespoon vanilla syrup
1 tablespoon honey
1/4 teaspoon orange extract
1/4-1/2 cup warm half and half

Mix and top with a large dollop real whipped cream and sprinkle
generously with cinnamon.

"I am not among those who fear the people. They, and not the
rich, are our dependence for continued freedom."
Thomas Jefferson, 1816

11. Classified Ads Section

This is a new section that is experimental, so bear with me
while I see what works best. I want to see if it is worthwhile
to you. This section will match buyers and sellers of used
coffee equipment of all kinds. Use it to buy or sell grinders,
brewers, and roasters, residential or commercial, big or small.
Be brief and concise in your description and I suggest you give
a price if you are selling, but that is up to you. Send your
items "Want to Buy," or "For Sale" to me at the following email

Please let me know if you want your email address published, or
if you would prefer I forward inquiries to you.

There is no charge for this service, and no liability either way
on my part. I want this section to serve as a forum for buyers
and sellers. Any warranty as to fitness of purpose, pricing, and
shipping will be arranged directly between buyer and seller.


Want to Buy - Used small batch drum style coffee roaster.
1 to 15 Kg per batch size (or there abouts).
e-mail Phone 865 981-9316 (evenings)
Fax 865 981-9319


Beautiful 1989 Probat L-5 coffee roaster (S/N# 89-40333). 5 Kilo
(up to 11 pounds per batch) drum coffee shop roaster. Color is
forest green with gold trim and a polished brass cover over the
roasting drum. It is in like new condition & appearance.

The unit includes bean temperature and roaster temperature
probes with digital readouts that were professionally and
tastefully installed. The LED readouts are mounted on the right
side front of the roaster.

Asking price is $13,500 (US$) as is, where is. Buyer responsible
for pickup and transportation. The roaster is available for
inspection between 8AM and 4PM, Monday - Friday at our roasting
plant located in Madison, Wisconsin.

For further information, please contact:

George Krug
Ancora Coffee Roasters
931 E. Main Street
Madison, WI 53703


Cimbali 2 group semi-auto, reconditioned, in perfect working
condition, 220 Volts - Color: beige Price US $ 1,800. - Plus
La Spaziale 2 group semi-auto, reconditioned, good workhorse,
tested OK, 220 Volts, Price US $ 1,400.- plus shipping.

GENSACO Virtually Brand New 2 Groups - Excellent steam and brew
delivery, automatic water fill, 1/4 turn steam knob for maximum
steam delivery. These machine are floor models, used only for
demonstration. You can get them for US $ 2,800.- Semi or
automatic, 220 V.

Coffee Grinders $ 350. - $ 400. -


Nuova Simonelli Mac Automatic One Group Brand New in Crate!
$ 2200. plus shipping
Also Nuova Simonelli Mac Automatic One Group Demo Unit $1700
plus shipping

Nuova Simonelli Mac SemiAutomatic One Group Demo Unit $1500
plus shipping

Located in Cleveland, OH for details

"We, the people, are the boss, and we will get the kind of
political leadership, be it good or bad, that we demand and
deserve." John F. Kennedy, 1955

12. Links to My Friends

Visit the links page on our website to get the latest links to
both coffee related and unrelated sites of interest. The links
page was last updated on July 29, 2000. Check it out. You might
find some old friends and make some new ones.

"Democracy gives every man
The right to be his own oppressor."
James Russell Lowell, 1867

13. Feedback

Tell me what you think. What do you want more of..less of...what
would you change, add, or delete?

Please direct all inquiries, comments, article submissions, and
suggestions to: Robert Badgett

(c) Copyright 2000 Robert L. Badgett. All Rights Reserved.

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