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Welcome to Badgett's Coffee eJournal
"All the Coffee That's Fit to Print"
Volume 1, No. 18 - September 22, 2000

In This Issue:

1. Welcome
2. Some Words from Our Sponsors
3. The Long Road to an Education --- by Coffee Kids
4. A Daily Dose of Wisdom from the Rebbe
5. Replace Those Grouphead Gaskets!
6. Free Kona Coffee Seeds
7 Four Essentials for Espresso
8. Questions from Readers
9. 10% Post-Consumer, Un-bleached, Whole-grain,
Dolphin-Safe Coffee. By Jenny Hodges for The Coffee Project
10. Links to My Friends
11. Feedback


1. Welcome

Welcome, my friends, and thank you for subscribing.

Morning is the best time of the day. I'm a morning person. I
look forward to getting up and tasting the coffee I roasted the
night before, because I seldom have the same coffee two mornings
in a row. When I buy green coffee, I buy 10 pounds and I get at
least 6 different countries of origin. I enjoy the variety. I
enjoy roasting each coffee differently to see how the taste
changes with degrees of roast. My taste buds are not very
sophisticated though, because I love them all.

I do have some favorites, but even my favorites change from
month to month. Right now, of the six coffees I've tried
recently, I am leaning toward a Panama Boquete, La Lerida
Estate. Someone's website advised that Panama's coffees are
among the most underrated coffees of the world, so I tried it.
I think he was right.

The first issue of this journal was May 26, with a handful of
readers (mostly my family and friends I coerced into
subscribing). With your help, readership has grown far beyond my
expectations. I really appreciate your input, your nice messages
of encouragement, and your referrals to your friends. I also
thank the many nice folks who have written articles.

Attention home roasters and commercial roasters. Please see the
Readers Questions to assist and advise Hazel and Donna with
their questions on roasting African coffee and for a good source
on a used 8-10 pound roaster.

An article last week gave an incorrect address for Coffee Kids.
The organization's correct address is 1305 Luisa St., #C, Santa
Fe, NM, 87505. You'll find an excellent article in this issue
about some of the good work this organization is doing.

If you haven't visited my website lately, please take a quick
look. The Links Page has been updated. Also, I recently joined
the "Express Top 50" webring, which is a good collection of
coffee websites. Go ahead and hit the link, then come back here.

If you would like a past issue, please email me and I will send
it to you or anyone else.

My goal with this journal is to promote good coffee. I want to
learn, educate, and entertain. I publish every Friday via email
and readers include coffee consumers, home roasters, coffee
geeks, retailers, growers, roasters, and equipment dealers. If
you want to learn more about our most wonderful beverage, this
is the place. I don't sell anything and subscription is free.

If you want to advertise here or submit an article, contact me.
I don't charge for ads, links, or advice. My deadline for ads
and articles is Wednesday at 6:00 p.m., Eastern.

DISCLAIMER: All information contained here is obtained by
Badgett's Coffee eJournal from sources believed to be accurate
and reliable. Because of the possibility of human and mechanical
error as well as other factors, neither Badgett's Coffee
eJournal nor its publisher, Robert L. Badgett, is responsible
for any errors or omissions. All information is provided "as is"
without warranty of any kind.

To subscribe or unsubscribe, click here:
If you have problems with subscribing or unsubscribing, please
contact me directly.


2. Some Words From Our Sponsors

Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee with FREE PRODUCTS

Just go to the Stargate Super Mall at The Global Shopping Net and see the Finest for Less.


One Pound Roaster from Coffee Project

I would like to let everyone know about the one pound roaster
we're carrying. They are available now, and just perfect for a
coffee house or budding entrepreneur to get into roasting their
own coffee.
Wholesale beans from The Coffee Project average $3.25 or so per
pound and if one sells the roasted coffee at $10 to $13 per
pound, the numbers look pretty good. It's a great machine,
beautiful, small, and easy to use.
Roasts about three pounds per hour and can run all day long.


Ahrre's Coffee Roastery's 'Back to School Special!'

Order a five-pound bulk package of any of my fresh-roasted
coffees (whole bean only!) and pay my wholesale price plus
shipping. This offer is insane!
But I'm making it good through the end of September 2000. For a
list of my coffees, please check-out my website, but.

.You must phone the order in (800-991-7977) mentioning Badgett's
Coffee eJournal.

Here are some examples of the available coffees and the prices
you'll be paying:

5 Pounds of French Roast = $18.95 + Shipping
5 Pounds of Colombian Supremo = $19.95 + Shipping
5 Pounds of Kenya AA = $22.95 + Shipping
5 Pounds of Sumatra Mandhelling = $19.95 + Shipping
5 Pounds of Hazelnut Creme (or any of my flavored coffees)
$22.95 + Shipping

Shipping charges vary, but you'll pay exactly what I pay
Assume about $5.00 per 5-pound bag.

Coffee; because it's legal!


Coffee Wholesalers: Your Internet Source for Green Beans

Organic Guatemala Hue Hue Tenango Shade; Co-op Grown,
Smithsonian Bird Friendly; Current Crop, only $3.75 per pound.

Organic Colombia Mesa de Los Santos; Shade Grown, Smithsonian
Bird Friendly; Current Crop, only $4.10 per pound.

Organic New Guinea; A Grade, Shade Grown, Smithsonian Bird
Friendly; Current Crop, only $3.75 per pound.
Mention Badgett's Coffee eJournal in the Comments section of the
Shopping Cart to get 1 POUND of green beans FREE with every
order of green coffee.

For Great Deals on other Organic Beans, Roasted Coffee,
Chocolate, and Gift Baskets
Visit us at:


Sip and Reflect Quote of the Week:

"Pay no attention to what the critics say; no statue has ever
been erected to a critic." -- Jean Sibelius

Brought to you weekly by Sterling Moon Specialty Coffees - Exclusive outlet for 88 of the
world's finest international coffees

"Politics has got so expensive that it takes lots of money to
even get beat with." Will Rogers, 1931

3. The Long Road to an Education --- by Coffee Kids

María Eugenia Trejos has a goal-and achieving that goal means
traveling by bus four hours every weekday. Each morning, the 13-
year-old Costa Rican girl wakes up at 4:30am to climb on the bus
at 5:00am. It takes her from one town to the next-over bumpy,
rutted roads-and finally, at 7:00am, brings her to a place that
most children of coffee farmers don't get to go: high school.

"I believe that I would struggle, by any means, to be able to
achieve my goal, which is to continue with my studies," María
Eugenia explains. "My father is a [coffee] farmer and at the
moment he doesn't work in just one place-he works where he can.
He takes care of his small coffee farm and also works as a day
laborer at three neighboring farms."

Despite financial difficulties, María Eugenia is able to go to
school because of a scholarship from Coffee Kids and its partner
organization in Costa Rica, Hijos del Campo (The Rural
Children's Education Foundation). Hijos del Campo was founded by
eight independent coffee cooperatives in Costa Rica in 1997 in
order to give children in rural areas an opportunity to get an

Although there are elementary schools in rural communities, most
secondary schools are located in cities. With no money for
transportation, books, shoes and school uniforms, most coffee-
farmers' children have little chance to continue going to

Leandro Hernández, a teacher at a one-room elementary school,
estimates that 90% of his students won't go on to high school-
not because they don't want to, but because they can't afford

"The scholarship from Hijos del Campo helped me a lot. I bought
shoes and books and helped my brothers and sisters," María
Eugenia says. Four of her five brothers and sisters are also in
school, including one of her sisters who's in college. "This
[scholarship] is important because it helps us to buy what we
need to attend school and gives us hope that we'll be able to
continue studying."

More than 5,000 students who have been helped by scholarships
from Coffee Kids and Hijos del Campo are planning careers that
would not be possible without the financial assistance they're
getting. Of the university students who have been awarded
scholarships, the most popular majors are education,
administration, agriculture, computer science, health, eco-
tourism, civil engineering, and psychology.

Coffee Kids also helps schools directly. Because many elementary
schools in coffee-farming areas don't have basic educational
resources-things like teaching materials, desks, and
blackboards-grants are given to the schools to allow them to
provide students with a better education.

"There is always something to do," teacher Ana Beliza Morero
explains. "You can't fill all the holes because as soon as you
fill some, others appear."

More holes are being filled, thanks to support from individuals
and coffee-related businesses that are choosing to give back to
coffee growers and their families.

"I can't imagine what it would be like if I weren't in school,
now or in the future," says 16-year-old Amelia Rodríguez, the
daughter of a Costa Rican coffee farmer. "I wouldn't have
anything to do but help my mom . . . and my future would be the
same-working at home, or in a factory, or I would be

Amelia's not sure what she'll major in if her dream of going to
college comes true, but she's sure of one thing: the reason she
wants to continue in school.

"I study so I can give my country my best," she says. When you
see her dedication to her schoolwork, her willingness to take a
long bus ride to and from school every day, and her gratefulness
for it all-you know that her best is exactly what she'll give.

For more information about Coffee Kids please visit our website
at or call us at 505-820-1443


4. A Daily Dose of Wisdom from the Rebbe
-Words and condensation by Tzvi Freeman

Stake Your Claim ----------------

The person who desires good is met by its opposite at every

Is it fair? It is more than fair: You cannot lay rightful claim
to anything good unless you have discovered it on your own.

Hiding beneath the evil lies the greatest good, awaiting your

Brought to you by


5. Replace Those Grouphead Gaskets!

Many home espresso enthusiasts and coffee shop owners usually do
not realize the importance of changing the portafilter gaskets
(or grouphead gaskets) on a regularly, scheduled basis. The
usual, most suspecting alert is water/coffee leakage at the
grouphead during extraction. By that time, it is sometimes too
late! The old portafilter gasket becomes a nightmare to remove -
which sometimes requires turning a commercial machine on its
side or a home model upside down, and chiseling out the old,
rubber gasket....piece by piece.... piece by piece....

The general rule of thumb is to replace those gaskets every 6
months to 1 year to avoid the grueling effort needed to replace
an old one. To our readers in the process of purchasing a new
home model espresso machine, we will include one set of 2
portafilter gaskets free of charge with your purchase of any
home model Gaggia espresso machine or Rancilio Silvia or S24
espresso machine

Until the end of September 2000.

You must mention this unadvertised special offer at the time of
purchase and this offer does not apply to previously purchased

1st-line Equipment, LLC

"You ain't heard nothin' yet, folks." Al Jolson, 1927

6 Free Kona Coffee Seeds

Last week's issue had instructions on growing your own coffee
tree in your home. This week, we are giving you the seeds to
grow, compliments of Kona Purple Mountain Coffee and Badgett's
Coffee eJournal.

Right now, as you read this issue, the seeds you will get are
sun drying in Hawaii at Kona Purple Mountain Farm. Family owned
and operated, this hand-crafted Estate Kona is amongst the most
elite of coffees grown in the world. These beans come solely
from the farm's 8 acres, are sun ripened, hand picked, on-site
home processed following traditional methods, and naturally sun
dried on wooden platforms.

Here's how to get your free seeds. Send a stamped, self-
addressed, padded envelope (small size) to me.

Robert L. Badgett
305 N. Vendome Ave.
Margate City, NJ 08402

Put 55 cents postage on the small padded envelope and mail it
inside a larger envelope to me. Then, print the growing
instructions from last week's issue. If you are a new subscriber
(or have lost the issue) email me and request Issue #17 and I
will send it to you. The seeds are being processed now and
should be shipping to me in a week or so. I should be able to
get the seeds to you within 2-3 weeks from now.

When you get the seeds, visit the Kona Purple Mountain Coffee
website at and send Donna a big "Thank
You" for sponsoring this project.

I can't wait to get the seeds and start my own plants. I'll keep
you posted on my progress and if you have some good tips on
growing, please share with our readers.

"Insanity: Doing the same thing over and over and expecting a
different outcome." Anonymous

7 Four Essentials for Espresso

Anyone wanting to make a good espresso has to meet four
essential needs.
-The first is the choice of the right blend,
-the second is a proper espresso machine - properly maintained,
-the third is the right grind
-the fourth is the knack with which the measure of coffee is
Espresso must be easy on the eye (with froth - also known as
crema -which is thick and nutty-red in color), the nose (with
a rich aroma) and the palate (almost chocolatey). And of course
it has to leave a pleasant taste in the mouth for a good long
time after being drunk (after-taste).

Next Week: the other three essentials

Visit LaGondola -a whole section dedicated to the Italian home
espresso machines

"We will spend and spend, and tax and tax, and elect and elect."
Harry L. Hopkins

8 Questions from Readers

I love reading your journal every Friday, and now I have a
question that perhaps you and your readers could help answer for
me. I am experimenting with roasting African coffees. The one I
have now is from Uganda. What roast levels are most suited for
African coffees?

I roast on a 10 kilo gas fired Probat drum roaster. I am
interested in suggestions for how to roast an organic Ugandan
White Nile coffee. Thank you, Hazel

I am looking for a roaster that does 8-10 lbs. green, second
hand is fine, as the new ones are astronomically expensive!
Maybe your readers can let you know of a good source for used
roasters, and you could pass the info on to me. I would
appreciate any assistance.
Aloha, Donna

"We just must not, we just cannot afford the great waste that
comes from the neglect of a single child." Lyndon B. Johnson

9. 10% PostConsumer, Un-bleached, Whole-grain,
Dolphin-Safe Coffee. By Jenny Hodges for The Coffee Project

The coffee industry is huge. You knew that. But, specialty
coffee is even bigger, in its way, because its consumers are
willing to pay a little more to insure the quality of their

Other attributes that specialty drinkers seem willing to pay for
are the ecological and social responsibilities shouldered by
responsible growers, roasters, and retailers. "Organic," "Fair-
trade," and "Shade Grown" are labels that merit a higher price.
Because, as good java swillin, intellectual, hippie freaks, we
believe that we have a responsibility to care for both the
environment and those with less economic fortune than ourselves.
And as not all of us have the time (or the inclination) to
devote our lives to service, we help out with our dollars.

Not to burst anyone's self-congratulatory bubble, but do you
really know what all those helpful adjectives mean? Knowing that
coffee is big money; I started with the assumption that where
there's money, there's marketing. In marketing, there seem to be
very few products or companies that feel comfortable resting on
the laurels of their quality. And I can understand their
trepidation. The best, most efficient, most desirable widget in
the world doesn't move without marketing. And things we don't
even need -not naming any names (Tickle-Me Elmo or GW Bush Jr -)
can fly off the shelves with the right spin.

The next stop my train of thought made was that there are an
awful lot of items in the stores that shout proudly "10% post-
consumer materials," and "Dolphin safe," among other things.
This is marketing.

No matter how true it is, having social conscience scrawled
across the front of your package is not just to inform the
consumer. It is also to give the consumer another reason to pick
your product.

To the matter at hand: Let's start with the term "organic."
There are several agencies out there that, in return for a fee,
will come and evaluate your coffee plantation and, if you meet
their standards, allow you to put their stamp on your coffee.
Some of the agencies that have the power to label you "certified
organic" are the QAI, the OCIA and Demeter. Although all three
agencies have different stamps, their guidelines pretty much all
adhere to standards laid down by the IFOAM, or International
Federation of Organic Agricultural Movements. (Coffee & Cuisine,
May 1999, p.53). For the farmers, these standards have to do
with not using chemicals to grow their beans. Unfortunately, the
price of certification can sometimes be as much as 10% of the
value of those beans (Fresh Cup, Jan. 2000, p.40). So for
smaller farmers, who might not be able to afford the chemicals
in the first place, the cost of the certification they already
deserve is out of the question. And it's not just the growers
that need certification. To achieve a truly "certified organic"
cup of coffee, everyone in the chain should be certified (Coffee
& Cuisine, Jun. 1999, p.26). Unscrupulous or careless roaster or
shippers or suppliers can ruin the whole thing by mixing
certified beans with uncertified ones.

Whew. So. "Organic" is a balancing act. You may be chemical free
maybe- when you buy something labeled organic. But just
because your coffee isn't certified doesn't mean that your beans
have been soaking in a vat of DDT for the last week. It doesn't
mean that the plantation of origin is hip deep in nitrogenous
fertilizer. It doesn't mean that the trees are genetically
engineered monsters sucking the soul from Mother Earth.

"Shade-grown" is the latest flash point. Or you might have heard
it referred to as "Songbird friendly." Generally, if your coffee
is "certified organic," then it is also "shade-grown" (Specialty
Coffee Retailer, Aug. 1999, p.24). Great, you say, what the hell
does shade-grown mean? Well, pretty much what it sounds. In the
upper regions of Latin America, coffee trees grow under and
around and near many other kinds of trees. Some more traditional
strains of coffee tree prefer a shady environment. Songbirds
spend the winter in these forests. This kind of farm doesn't
produce as much coffee, but it's generally chemical-free. Not
from any political convictions, mind you. Mostly because the
smaller farmers who run these farms can't afford chemicals. But
whatever. What has people like singer/songwriter Danny O'Keefe
up in arms, is the development of some growers and plantation
owners of varietals that grow quite well in the hot Latin
American sun. Provided you clear them a big enough space, and
heap on pesticides and fertilizer. According to the Audubon
Society and the Smithsonian Institute, droves of Latin American
growers have been essentially clear-cutting their land to grow
these more productive crops (Coffee & Cuisine, May 1999, p.55).
Unfortunately, that's the big eviction notice for the songbirds.
Once again, it's not that simple. High profile, but not
necessarily black hats and white hats. According to Kevin Knox,
who, admittedly, is speaking from within the system as VP and
buyer for Allegro Coffee Co., not all coffee in Latin America
grows in the shade. And there are the sun growers who dedicate
pieces of their property to songbird forests. And finally he
points out that shade has nothing to do with how much you
pollute the water or what you pay your employees (Fresh Cup,
Jan. 2000, p.42).

Which brings us to TransFair USA, the organization that focuses
on fair-trade issues. Those are the issues of employee wages and
housing conditions, trade prices offered to the small farmers,
that sort of thing. Growers don't have to pay to be certified by
TransFair. They have to be part of a cooperative, but there's no
cash outlay. The fees are paid by the roasters, ten cents per
pound. Half of that fee goes to supporting and monitoring the
farmers, and the other half goes to the publicity campaign for
the fair-trade coffee (Fresh Cup, Aug. 1999, p.35). This
certification has as much to do with the "organic" and "shade-
grown" labels as those labels have to do with fair-trade. Which
would be zip, zilch, nada. Except, of course, that each cause
claims that if you would just focus on them first, everything
else would fall into place.

Ok. That's what I learned about organic, shadegrown, fair-trade,
pesticide free, certified, songbird coffee. I guess all I'm
trying to say is that it's important to be aware that there is
more than one side to most arguments. (I have to say that; I'm a
Gemini) No label can guarantee you world salvation. And the bags
of coffee aren't stamped with their good deeds just to let you
know. They're crying "Buy me! Buy me!" So choose your battles,
be aware. And, ultimately, you shouldn't be drinking something
for some esoteric guilt-ridden reasons. Try the stuff with
certs. Try the stuff without. Decide what you can live with,
both financially, gustatorily and morally. That's all.

(©The Coffee Project. For reproduction contact The Coffee
James Vaughn
The Coffee Project

"Attack another's rights and you destroy your own."
John Jay Chapman, 1897

10. Links to My Friends

Visit the links page on our website to get the latest links to
both coffee related and unrelated sites of interest. The links
page was last updated on July 29, 2000. Check it out. You might
find some old friends and make some new ones.

"Education is not preparation for life; education is life
itself." John Dewey

11. Feedback

Tell me what you think. What do you want more of..less of...what
would you change, add, or delete?

Please direct all inquiries, comments, article submissions, and
suggestions to: Robert Badgett

(c) Copyright 2000 Robert L. Badgett. All Rights Reserved.

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